Plantar fasciitis is pain in the heel, caused caused by irritation or inflammation of the band of tissue connecting the heel bone to the toes. This pain is typically the worst in the morning, when a person gets out of bed and puts his or her feet on the floor for the first time. Rest, stretching the foot and calves and ice are good tools to manage this pain at home. A visit to the doctor may be necessary if the pain does not subside or if it grows progressively worse. A doctor could prescribe orthotics or a cortisol injection.
Flat foot is a condition where the arch of the foot has collapsed and touches the ground. Some common symptoms include a flat look to the feet, uneven shoe wear, pain in the lower leg or inside of the ankle or swelling. Most flat feet do not cause issues or pain, however, if the condition is painful, it is important to seek professional help. Complications that can arise from flat feet are inflammation and pain in the feet, Achilles tendinitis, shin splints, stress fractures, bunions and calluses. Treatment ranges from inserts for shoes and anti-inflammatory medication to surgery.
A heel spur is a hook of bone that can grow on the heel bone. This condition is associated with plantar fasciitis and can cause extreme pain. Heel spurs develop due to calcium deposits that form on the heel when the fascia stretches and pulls away from the heel. Heel spurs can be treated in a variety of ways depending on the severity of the issue. Ice, rest, and stretching are all commonly advised. Orthotics, shoes with cushioned heels, and shock elevating the heel with a cradle or cup may also help.